Kodak, or should I say The Eastman Kodak Company … was established by a guy named George Eastman, and that’s all I have to say about that (there is soooo much info on the history of Kodak, that I can’t be bothered to repeat it).
When he was 24 years old he thought the photographic equipment at the time sucked … too big, too many, and soooo slow. Luckily for us he was ambitious enough to seek a better way … and in 1884 he submitted patent #US306594, and the world wasn’t the same after that.
Though you may think that Mr. Eastman was the originator of roll film, that isn’t true … the “film” we know of today was invented by someone else. Rev. Hannibal Goodwin submitted a patent for celluloid film in 1887.
Anyway, back to the camera … the Brownie … specifically the Brownie Hawkeye. Intro in 1949 and production ran for 12 years. It’s your typical box bakelite camera of the times with a simple lens, simple shutter, and just simple.
… and just in case you wanted to know, the patent for bakelite was submitted by Leo Baekeland in 1906.