Ok, I have decided to put the Yashica Mat aside as it was becoming much more of a job than I expected. Too many locked screws, broken screws, and damaged mechanism … and anyway I received a new camera today.
Yes, it is a name that we all know well … at least for those of us that delve in the large and medium format. The picture that most people have of a Graflex camera is seeing all those press dudes in the 30’s running around with their Speed Graphic camera’s.
Originally founded by two Williams … Mr. Folmer and Mr. Schwing, under the company name Folmer & Schwing Manufacturing Company. Initially the company made gas lamps and bicycles, but for some reason they choose to make cameras after the gas market declined … some references say that they wanted to make cameras mounted on bicycles.
They produced the first Graflex reflex camera in 1896. The company was then acquired by George Eastman and became known as Folmer Graflex. In 1926 Kodak had to give up the Folmer Graflex division, and this became the company we know as Graflex.
Obi-Wan Kenobi’s lightsaber was actually the handle from a Graflex 3-cell flash gun.
The camera I now have in my possession is the National Graflex series I.
The National Graflex camera was first produced in 1933 under the Eastman Kodak, Folmer Graflex division..
The camera is printed with “Graflex, Inc. Rochester, NY, USA” . The name National Grapflex appears on a plate located on the back of the hood. Mine says SERIES II, but all references to the II show that it has a sliding cover over the ruby window.
This camera folds up into a neat squarish metal box. This is a sling lens reflex camera, medium format 2 ¼ x 2 ½. It was called the “Single-Lens Model”. There must have been a couple of variants of this model, as I have seen some with a swing flap to cover the ruby window … or possibly that someone modified the camera.
Once opened the camera appears to be a mini Graphic type camera.
Open the top flap and there is a fold out hood with all the control dial.
Pop open the front and the lens comes out. This model has a B&L (Bausch & Lomb) Tessar IC 75mm f/3.5 lens.
The shutter speed dial has numbers from 1-9 printed on it. The key to figuring out the exposure is done from a nice chart under the top plate that has a slider to match up the Time of Day during each month to figure out the exposure depending on the Description of Picture … no need for a light meter, though I have no idea what film speed that chart is designed for.
The lens is removable to facilitate cleaning of the mirror and the insides … the series II model was a interchangeable lens model and offered a 75mm and a 140mm lens.
This particular camera has a busted shutter and a foggy lens. I think the rest of the camera is OK, but I will not be sure until I get the shutter working … oh, and this camera belonged to “Uncle Al” based on the tape stuck to the bottom plate.
I forgot to add in the super duper exposure calculator
Just figure out what date/time it is, move the slider, and choose the subject type … and now you have your exposure.